Tolyatti or Togliatti is a city in Samara Oblast, Russia. It is the administrative center of Stavropolsky District. Population: 718,030 (2007 est.); 702,879 (2002 Census); 630,543 (1989 Census). It is the largest city in Russia which does not serve as an administrative center of a federal subject.
It was founded in 1737 as a fortress called Stavropol-na-Volge by the Russian politician Vasily Tatishchev. During the construction of Volga Hydroelectrical Plant in the 1950s, the old settlement fell into the flooding zone of the Kuybyshev dam on the Volga River and was completely rebuilt on a new site. In 1964, the city was renamed Tolyatti (after Palmiro Togliatti, an Italian communist leader, who died while on holiday in the Soviet Union).
The city's main claim to fame has been automobile building by AvtoVAZ's Lada car plants — in cooperation with Italy's Fiat since 1971 and, since 2001, with the US's GM.
Other industries have moved into Tolyatti because it is close to abundant supplies of electricity and water. Petrochemicals are well represented in the city — among the significant enterprises based there are "TolyattiAzot" (Russian biggest ammonia manufacturer), "KuybyshevAzot" (a nitrogen fertilizer specialist). Other industries are represented include: building materials production, ship repair and electricals and electronics.